Land managers and traditional custodians in northern Australia can conduct strategic early dry season burning and firefighting as part of a savanna carbon farming project to reduce the risk of uncontrolled savanna wildfires. This reduces emissions and enables additional carbon to be stored in growing vegetation.
Projects must be located on land in northern Australia that receive a higher rainfall and have been designated as suitable for this project method by the Australian government. Projects that focus on monitoring avoided emissions from wildfires can be conducted on a year-on-year basis, while projects that also monitor carbon stored in growing vegetation can be implemented for 25 or 100 years.
Regeneration carbon farming projects involve managing land in a way that enables native vegetation to regenerate naturally into forest. This is done by changing, reducing or removing factors that would otherwise suppress regeneration (e.g. grazing pressure, feral animals and non-native plants and clearing or thinning practices).
The regenerating forest captures and stores carbon in the landscape, producing carbon credits which can be traded. Over time, the project implementation area will transition to ‘forest cover’. In Australia, forest cover means an area of land that has trees two or more metres tall and a canopy that covers at least 20% of the total area. Forest cover should be achieved within 15 years of when the trees germinated.
A regeneration project is implemented on land in Australia for either 25 or 100 years. Projects can only take place on land areas that did not have forest cover for the ten years before the project commences (known as the baseline period). The regeneration project involves natural germination of trees, rather than seeding or planting activities, which are covered under different project methods.
Case Study Examples
Managing a cattle in a way that reduces the emissions intensity of the herd.
Increasing the amount of organic matter in the soil as a direct result of changes in property management.
Expanding or optimising plantation estates for solid wood production.
Planting or seeding trees to establish a forest.