Beef herd management
A beef herd management carbon farming project involves managing a cattle station in a way that reduces the emissions intensity of the herd. The changes in cattle station management both reduce emissions and increase agricultural productivity.
Examples of changes in cattle station management activities can include:
- Establishing higher quality pasture;
- Providing a feed supplement all year round;
- Improving weaning percentage by culling unproductive cows;
- Installing fences to control herd movements and improve joining practices;
- Expanding watering points to allow cattle to graze more widely and make better use of available pasture.
A beef herds carbon farming project is implemented on cattle stations around Australia for seven years. Cattle must be tagged, and the live weight gain of the herd must be positive for three of the seven years preceding the project.
Regeneration carbon farming projects involve managing land in a way that enables native vegetation to regenerate naturally into forest. This is done by changing, reducing or removing factors that would otherwise suppress regeneration (e.g. grazing pressure, feral animals and non-native plants and clearing or thinning practices).
The regenerating forest captures and stores carbon in the landscape, producing carbon credits which can be traded. Over time, the project implementation area will transition to ‘forest cover’. In Australia, forest cover means an area of land that has trees two or more metres tall and a canopy that covers at least 20% of the total area. Forest cover should be achieved within 15 years of when the trees germinated.
A regeneration project is implemented on land in Australia for either 25 or 100 years. Projects can only take place on land areas that did not have forest cover for the ten years before the project commences (known as the baseline period). The regeneration project involves natural germination of trees, rather than seeding or planting activities, which are covered under different project methods.
Case Study Examples
Managing a cattle in a way that reduces the emissions intensity of the herd.
Increasing the amount of organic matter in the soil as a direct result of changes in property management.
Expanding or optimising plantation estates for solid wood production.
Planting or seeding trees to establish a forest.